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Research Writing

The Research Proposal Sample

Research Proposal

A research proposal is an important part of the research process. A research proposal is presented to the committee who judges the topic of the research and the methodology. The committee suggests any suggestions, recommendations, improvements and amendments to improve the proposed research. Sometimes the committee rejects the research on some sound basis but that is very uncommon. The research …

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Sample Research Topics for Different Fields

Sample research questions

Sample research topics for different fields Research is undertaken in every profession. Research is conducted at each stage of the work to examine critically. Research starts with the planning and it goes with the stages of controlling, executing and evaluating the process. It is an ongoing process that can never stop. When it comes to deciding about a research topic …

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A Guide to Harvard Referencing System

Harvard referencing

Features of Harvard referencing system There are various systems of referencing and harvard referencing system is one of the most used one. Harvard referencing system is a very flexible system and it is used in physical sciences, social sciences, humanities and arts. Basically there are two types of referencing in harvard referencing, that includes, Author-date, which is used mostly in …

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A Guide to Vancouver System of Citation

Vancouver system of citation is also known as author-number system. Every university or research organization follows a style of referencing/bibliography to cite the sources that have been used in their research.  There are basically three systems of citation that are used worldwide, vancouver system is the most used one. There are other systems of referencing or bibliography that include parenthetical …

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What is the Difference Between Citation and Bibliography

Citation and Referencing

There are several terms that are used interchangeably by the students that includes citation, bibliography, references and documentation. In general, they think that all of them mean the same. If all of them mean the same then why there are so many terms to identify them, why not a single one. In reality, there is a slight difference between each …

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Types of Research

research type

The different types of research have been classified for the ease of understanding. The broad purpose of research is always same; to find answers to problems and develop something new. In each type of research the methodology used is different as well as the research design, tools and instruments. Knowing the types of research is important because it will help …

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The Research Process Model

research process

A research process is a mean to answer questions that cannot be answered otherwise. The researcher needs to follow a step-by- step plan to execute the research. These steps are also called as research model. Research problem Reviewing the literature The research basically starts with a research problem in hand. To formulate a researchable research problem, you need to review …

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How to Collect Data Using Secondary Sources in Research

Secondary sources of data collection

There are primary, secondary and tertiary sources of data collection in research. Primary sources of data collection have always been used because of their greater authenticity and reliability. Secondary sources of data collection are used when primary sources are not available. In some cases primary sources are available but due to time or other constraints the researcher is forced to …

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How to Calculate Sample Size in a Research

Sample size

This is a very important question that what should be your sample size? In any study there are various factors that affect your sample size.  You have to know these factors and determine your sample. You can keep your sample size large if the study requires greater accuracy. You can keep the sample size small if you are short of …

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How to Write Literature Review in Research

literature review

One of the essential steps in conducting a research is to skim through the available literature in order to become acquainted with existing literature in your area of study. In today’s world addition to the existing literature is made on every day’s basis and it is very important to be familiar with what’s already done. When you start to write …

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